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Europe is one of the best tourist destinations to discover among the most beautiful museums in the world. Here is a selection of the best museums in Europe, the must see museums which tell us to discover the history of our civilization from the first fossils to contemporary art.
Discover the most impressive museums in Europe such as the British Museum in London, or the very modern Pompidou Center and the Tate Modern.
1. The British Museum
The British Museum is a museum in London dedicated to human history and culture. Its permanent collection, numbering some 8 million works, is among the largest and most comprehensive in existence and originates from all continents, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginnings to the present.
2. The Pompidou Centre
Centre Georges Pompidou commonly shortened to Centre Pompidou; also known as the Pompidou Centre in English is a complex in the Beaubourg area of the 4th arrondissement of Paris, near Les Halles, rue Montorgueil and the Marais.
It houses the Bibliothèque publique d’information, a vast public library, the Musée National d’Art Moderne which is the largest museum for modern art in Europe, and IRCAM, a centre for music and acoustic research. Because of its location, the Centre is known locally as Beaubourg It is named after Georges Pompidou, the President of France from 1969 to 1974 who commissioned the building, and was officially opened on 31 January 1977 by President Valéry Giscard d’Estaing. The Centre Pompidou has had over 150 million visitors since 1977.
3. The Rijksmuseum
The Rijksmuseum was founded in The Hague in 1800 and moved to Amsterdam in 1808, where it was first located in the Royal Palace and later in the Trippenhuis. The current main building was designed by Pierre Cuypers and first opened its doors in 1885. On 13 April 2013, after a ten-year renovation which cost € 375 million, the main building was reopened by Queen Beatrix. In 2013, it was the most visited museum in the Netherlands with a record number of 2.2 million visitors.
4. The Louvre
The Louvre or Louvre Museum is one of the world’s largest museums and a historic monument. A central landmark of Paris, France, it is located on the Right Bank of the Seine in the 1st arrondissement. Nearly 35,000 objects from prehistory to the 21st century are exhibited over an area of 60,600 square metres. With more than 9.7 million visitors each year, the Louvre is the world’s most visited museum
5. The Museum del Prado
More than 2,300 paintings have been incorporated into the Museum del Prado since its opening as well as a large number of sculptures, prints, drawings and works of art through bequests, donations and purchases, which account for most of the New Acquisitions.
6. Tate Modern
Tate Modern is a modern art gallery located in London. It is Britain’s national gallery of international modern art and forms part of the Tate group (together with Tate Britain, Tate Liverpool, Tate St Ives and Tate Online). It is the most-visited modern art gallery in the world, with around 4.7 million visitors per year. It is based in the former Bankside Power Station, in the Bankside area of the London Borough of Southwark. Tate holds the national collection of British art from 1900 to the present day and international modern and contemporary art.
7. The National Gallery
The National Gallery is an art museum on Trafalgar Square in London. Founded in 1824, it houses a collection of over 2,300 paintings dating from the mid-13th century to 1900. Its collection belongs to the public of the United Kingdom and entry to the main collection is free of charge. It is the fifth most visited art museum in the world, after the Musée du Louvre, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the British Museum and Tate Modern.
8. The Centre Pompidou Metz
The first decentralized satellite of a French museum, the Centre Pompidou-Metz is a masterpiece of contemporary architecture. Conceptualized by the architects Shigeru Ban and Jean de Gastines, with Philip Gumuchdjian, who also designed the prizewinning project, there are three exhibition spaces covered by an audacious roof inspired by a Chinese hat. The 77 metre high spire is a nod towards the year 1977, the year the Pompidou Centre in Paris opened. Thanks to its changing exhibitions, the Centre Pompidou-Metz hosts the best of modern and contemporary art.
9. The Serralves Museum
The Serralves Museum is the foremost museum for contemporary art in Portugal, uniquely sited in the grounds of the Serralves Estate, which also comprises a Park and a Villa. Through its collection, temporary exhibitions, performance, education and public programmes, publishing initiatives, and national and international collaborations, the Museum fosters the understanding and appreciation of contemporary art and culture. Introducing the work of the most important artists working today to diverse publics, strengthening ties with the local community, and encouraging reflection on the relationship between art and the environment that is intrinsic to the context of Serralves, are central to the Museum´s mission.
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- Lecco, Italy
2. Olden Norway
Olden is super tiny – it’s area in total takes up only 0,57 km2. It is, nevertheless, a popular tourist destination: Olden has its own cruise port that hosts more than 60 cruise ships every year.
3. Annecy, France
Annecy lies right next to the Lake Annecy, which is the third largest lake in France and also “Europe’s cleanest lake”.
4. Innsbruck, Austria
Beautiful Innsbruck lies between two no less wonderful cities – Munich (Germany) and Verona (Italy). Innsbruck is located in a beautiful valley between the high Alpine mountains.
5. Bolzano, Italy
Bolzano is known as the city with the best quality of life in Italy.
6. Rougon, France
Rougon is situated in Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur – probably the most picturesque and beautiful region of France.
7. Covadonga, Spain
With less than 70 people living in Covadonga, the village has lots of historical sites for its size and, of course, an epic location: above the town, in the mountains, there are the two lakes of Covadonga, Enol and Ercina, that are often featured in Tour of Spain, an annual bicycle race.
8. Grindelwald, Switzerland
Is there any place that looks more peaceful than Grindelwald? Hardly. Grindelwald isn’t only a tranquil little space where life is so wonderfully languid, but also a hometown to Jungfraubahn – a famous mountain railway that is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.
9. Val di Funes, Italy
Also known as Villnöß, this is a cute little mountain town just 30 kilometres away from the city of Bolzano – the capital of South Tyrol.
10. Hallstatt, Austria
Hallstatt is the ultimate definition of how a perfect mountain town should look like. This town is simply gorgeous and, on top of that, it has a very rich history that dates back to the early Iron Age. Hallstatt is also renowned for its salt production – in fact, the world’s very first salt mine is located there.
11. Salzburg, Austria
This list would never be complete without Salzburg, a place that has become a cult town thanks to The Sound of Music. The fourth-largest city in Austria, Salzburg is famous for its baroque architecture, Mozart, music festivals, and, of course, the amazing mountainscapes.
12. Lucerne, Switzerland
Found in the German-speaking part of Switzerland, Lucerne’s mainly spoken language, however, is the local variant of the Alemmannic Swiss German dialect. So you won’t be able to understand a thing if you go there. But at the same time, you won’t need to – Lucerne is so damn beautiful that it will make you lose your tongue anyway.
13. St. Moritz, Switzerland
St. Moritz is one of the most elite and expensive ski resorts in the world, and for a good reason – the highest mountain in the Eastern Alps, Piz Bernina (4,049 m), lies just a few kilometers to the south of the town.
14. Bled, Slovenia
Bled is the most popular tourist destination in the whole Slovenia due to its fantastic location on the Lake Bled. The village is also famous for its super delicious Cremeschnitte – vanilla and cream pastry that is popular in central Europe. With the perfect Cremeschnitte and the perfect view over the mountains, who wouldn’t want to go to Bled?
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